THE NOUN : GENDER
THE NOUN : GENDER
There are 2 types of Gender, either Male or Female.
In terms of Gender ,we call it Masculine Gender or Feminine Gender.
1- Masculine Gender :
A Noun that denotes a male is said to be Masculine Gender.
Boy, Lion, Hero, Cock, Sparrow, etc.
2- Feminine Gender :
A Noun that denotes a female is said to be Feminine Gender.
Girl, Lioness, Heroine, Hen, Sparrow, etc.
Masculine Gender - Brother , bull, Bullock, Dog, father, Gentleman, Sir, Man, Monk, Son, Uncle, Author, Mayor, Poet, Actor, Hunter,etc
Feminine Gender - sister, Cow, Heifer, Bitch, Mother, Lady, Madam, Nun, daughter, Aunt, Authoress, Mayoress, Poetess, Actress, huntress, etc.
* Common Gender :
A noun that denotes either a male or a female is said to be a Common Gender.
Parent, Child, Friend, Pupil , Servant, thief, relation, enemy, cousin, orphan, student, baby, monarch, neighbour , infant,etc .
* Neuter Gender :
A noun that denotes a thing that is neither male nor female is said to be Neuter Gender.
Book. pen, room, tree, etc
[ Neuter means neither ,that is, neither male or female ]
THE NOUN : NUMBER
- Tree - Trees
- Box - Boxes
- Ox - Oxen
- Man - Men
The first word of each pair denotes one thing, the second word of each thing denotes more than one .
A Noun that denotes one person or thing is said to be Singular Number .
Example : Boy, Girl, Cow, Bird, Tree, Book, Pen, etc
A Noun that denotes more than one person or thing is said to be Plural Number.
Example : Boys, girls, Cows, birds, trees, books, pens, etc
Points To Note :
* The Plural of Nouns is generally formed by adding -s to the singular as ,
Boy - Boys
Girl - girls
Book - Books
Pen - Pens
Cow - Cows
* But Nouns ending in -s , -sh, -ch or -x form the plural by adding -es to the singular as ,
Class - Classes
Kiss - Kisses
Dish - Dishes
Tax - Taxes
* Most Nouns ending in -o also form the plural by adding -es to the singular as,
Buffalo - Buffaloes
Mango - Mangoes
Hero - Heroes
Echo - Echoes
Potato - Potatoes
Cargo - Cargoes
*A few nouns ending in -o merely adds -s as,
Dynamo - dynamos
Ratio - Ratios
Piano - Pianos
Logo - Logos
Kilo - Kilos
* Noun ending in -y preceded by a constant , form their plural by adding -y into -i and adding -es as,
Baby - Babies
Lady - Ladies
City - Cities
Pony - Ponies