There are 2 types of Gender, either Male or Female.
 In terms of Gender ,we call it Masculine Gender or Feminine Gender.

1- Masculine Gender :

A Noun that denotes a male is said to be Masculine Gender.


Boy, Lion, Hero, Cock, Sparrow, etc.

2- Feminine Gender : 

A Noun that denotes a female is said to be Feminine Gender.

Example : 

Girl, Lioness, Heroine, Hen, Sparrow, etc.

Masculine Gender -  Brother , bull, Bullock, Dog, father, Gentleman, Sir, Man, Monk, Son, Uncle, Author, Mayor, Poet, Actor, Hunter,etc

Feminine Gender -  sister, Cow, Heifer, Bitch, Mother, Lady, Madam, Nun, daughter, Aunt, Authoress, Mayoress, Poetess, Actress, huntress, etc.

* Common Gender : 

A noun that denotes either a male or a female is said to be a Common Gender.

Example : 

Parent, Child, Friend, Pupil , Servant, thief, relation, enemy, cousin, orphan, student, baby, monarch, neighbour , infant,etc .

* Neuter Gender : 

A noun that denotes a thing that is neither male nor female is said to be Neuter Gender.

Example : 

Book. pen, room, tree, etc

[ Neuter means neither ,that is, neither male or female ]


  • Tree - Trees
  • Box - Boxes
  • Ox   - Oxen
  • Man - Men 
The first word of each pair denotes one thing, the second word of each thing denotes more than one .

Therefore ,

A Noun that denotes one person or thing is said to be Singular Number .

Example : Boy, Girl, Cow, Bird, Tree, Book, Pen, etc

A Noun that denotes more than one person or thing is said to be Plural Number. 

Example : Boys, girls, Cows, birds, trees, books, pens, etc

Points To Note :

* The Plural of Nouns is generally formed by adding -s to the singular as ,

Boy - Boys
Girl - girls
Book - Books
Pen - Pens 
Desk- Desks
Cow - Cows

* But Nouns ending in -s , -sh, -ch or -x form the plural by adding -es to the singular as ,

Class - Classes
Kiss   - Kisses
Dish  - Dishes
Brush- Brushes
Watch- Watches
Tax    - Taxes

* Most Nouns ending in -o also form the plural by adding -es to the singular as,

Buffalo - Buffaloes
Mango  - Mangoes
Hero     - Heroes
Echo     - Echoes
Potato   - Potatoes
Cargo   - Cargoes

*A few nouns ending in -o merely adds -s as,

Dynamo - dynamos
Solo       -Solos
Ratio      - Ratios
Piano     - Pianos
Logo      - Logos
Kilo       - Kilos 

* Noun ending in -y preceded by a constant , form their plural by adding -y into -i and adding -es as,

Baby - Babies
Lady - Ladies
City  - Cities
Story- Stories
Pony - Ponies
Army- Armies



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